What is hypertension (high blood pressure)?

Hypertension is a typical condition wherein the long-term force of the blood against your artery walls is sufficiently high that it might eventually mess health issues, like heart disease.

Blood pressure is resolved both by the measure of blood your heart pumps and the measure of protection from the bloodstream in your arteries. The more blood your heart pumps and the smaller your arteries, the higher yourpulse.

Hypertension usually creates over many years, and it influences almost everybody eventually. Luckily, hypertension can be effectively recognized and when you realize you have hypertension, you can work with your doctor to control it.


Many people with hypertension have no symptoms, even if blood pressure readings arrive at hazardously high levels.

Some people with hypertension may have headaches, breathing issues or nosebleeds, however, these symptoms aren't explicit and generally don't happen until hypertension has arrived at an extreme or perilous stage.


There are two types of high blood pressure:

Primary (essential) hypertension:
For most adults, there's no recognizable reason for hypertension. This kind of hypertension, called essential (fundamental) hypertension, will, in general, grow step by step over many years.

Secondary hypertension :
A few people have hypertension brought about by a hidden condition. This kind of hypertension, called auxiliary hypertension, generally show up unexpectedly and cause worse hypertension than does essential hypertension. Different conditions and prescriptions can prompt secondary hypertension, including:

• Obstructive rest apnea
• Kidney issues
• Adrenal organ tumors
• Thyroid issues
• Certain defects you're born with (inherent) in veins
• Certain meds, like birth control pills, cold cures, decongestants, over-the-counter pain relievers and some doctor-prescribed drugs•Illegal drugs, like cocaine and amphetamines