Psoriasis



What is Psoriasis ?


Psoriasis is a chronic immune system condition that causes quick development of skin cells. This development of cells causes scaling on the skin's surface.

Inflammation and redness around the scales are normal. Ordinary psoriatic scales are whitish-silver and create in thick, red patches. Sometimes, these patches will split and bleed.

Commonly, skin cells grow deep in the skin and rise to the surface. Eventually, they fall off. The normal life pattern of a skin cell is one month.

In people with psoriasis, this creation process may happen in only a few days. Along these lines, skin cells don't have the opportunity to fall off. This fast overproduction leads to the development of psoriatic patch on the skin.

Scales regularly create on joints, such as elbows and knees. They may grow anywhere on the body, including the :
• hands
• feet
• neck
• scalp
• face

Rare types of psoriasis affect nails, mouth, and the region around genitals.

Symptoms


The signs and symptoms of psoriasis can differ depending on the type of psoriasis you have. The most widely recognized symptoms of psoriasis include :
• Rashes or patches of red, inflamed skin, often secured with free, silver-colored scales; in extreme cases, the plaques will develop and merge into each other, covering large regions.
• Itchy, painful skin that can split or bleed
• Small parts of bleeding where the skin is damaged
• Problems with your fingernails and toenails, including discoloration and pitting; the nails may likewise start to crumble or separate from the nail bed.
• burning sensations around patches
• whitish-silver balances or plaques on the red coverings
• soreness around patches
• painful, swollen joints

Not everybody will experience these symptoms. Some people will experience different symptoms if they have a rare kind of psoriasis.

Causes


• Infections, like strep throat or skin diseases
• Weather, particularly cool, dry conditions
• Injuries to the skin, like a cut or scratch, a bug bite, or an extreme sun-burn
• Stress
• Smoking
• Heavy liquor consumption
• Certain medications — including lithium, hypertension medications and antimalarial drugs
• Rapid withdrawal of oral or fundamental corticosteroids